Cyber crime might not sound like a pressing issue, but it is an everyday spectre for businesses around the world. From someone working on their own laptop at home right up to the USA's Pentagon, cyber crime is a constant, looming threat.
Cyber security is the answer to cyber crime.Cyber security focuses on protecting information, programs, networks and computers from unauthorised access, theft, damage or deliberate attack. It does this through a range of methods,such as preventing unauthorised physical access to computers, installing firewalls and havingintrusion detection systems in place.
What are online threats?
Identity theft and phishing scams are among the most common online threats. Victims are scammed into giving out private information such as passwords or other information. This is most often used to access money through bank accounts or through other credit agreements.
Hacking is another form of cyber crime where hackers gain access to another person's computer, often without their knowledge. Information can be easily stolen this way, or the hacker may choose to cause damage or even take over an entire system.
At times, your computer may pick up a virus. This is another form of cyber crime, as the virus can corrupt your system, send out fake or phishing information under your name or access your personal information. The virus can also easily be spread to others and cause a lot of damage.
What can I do to be safe online?
There are lots of small steps you can take to ensure you are protected from cyber crime. In your email account, ensure that your spam filter is set up and always double check any email requesting information from you. For example, most banks will never ask for you to email them personal information or passwords. Make sure websites are legitimate, as malicious sites often pretend to be genuine by having a very similar web address. Always make sure that you have a 'clean machine' through installing firewalls, anti-virus software and regularly running checks and scans, and warn staff to be vigilant at all times when using computers for work.